QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS A nurse is providing dietary teaching to a client who has a new diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Which of the following foods or beverages should the nurse recommended to minimize heartburn? Orange juice Decaffeinated coffee Peppermint Potatoes - Answer- Potatoes A nurse is preparing g to teach a group of clients about vitamins and minerals. The nurse should include in the teaching that which of the following minerals is necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses? Phosphorus Calcium Chloride Zinc - Answer- Calcium A nurse is caring for a client who has a body mass index (BMI) of 30. Four weeks after nutritional counseling, which of the following evaluation findings indicates the plan of care was followed? BMI of 25 Weight gain of 1.8kg BMI of 33 Weight loss of 2.7kg - Answer- Weight loss of 2.7kg A nurse is caring for a client who follows the dietary laws of Orthodox Judaism. Which of the following meal choices should the nurse request for the client? Turkey and cheese sandwich Spaghetti with tomato sauce Pork chop and applesauce Scrambled eggs and bacon - Answer- Spaghetti with tomato sauce A nurse is a long-term care facility is developing strategies to promote increased food intake for an older adult client. Which of the following interventions should the nurse implement? Offer sugar substitutes to increase the client's appetite. Provide opportunities to eat three large meals per day. Provide entertainment while the client is eating. Offer finger foods at mealtime - Answer- Offer finger foods at mealtime. A nurse is caring for four clients. The nurse should plan to administer total parenteral nutrition for which of the following clients? A client who is postoperative following a laminectomy and is receiving IV PCA A client who has dysphagia and does not recognize his family A client who has COPD and is going home with oxygen A client who has colon cancer and will undergo a hemicolectomy - Answer- A client who has colon cancer and will undergo a hemicolectomy A nurse is performing a nutritional evaluation for a client who reports paresthesia of the hands and feet. The nurse should identify this manifestation as an indication of which of the following dietary deficiencies? Iron Riboflavin Vitamin C Vitamin B12 - Answer- Vitamin B12 A nurse is caring for a client who reports she is having difficulty losing weight. Which of the following responses by the nurse is appropriate? Eat small portions of the high-calorie foods first. Set a goal and you will be able to attain it. It is helpful to self-monitor your eating. Taste food while cooking to help curb your appetite. - Answer- Eat small portions of the high-calorie foods first A nurse is providing discharge teaching about food choices to a client who has hypokalemia. Which of the following foods should the nurse identify as the best source of potassium? 1 cup grapes 1 cup shredded lettuce 1 cup cooked tomatoes 1 cup apple slices - Answer- 1 cup cooked tomatoes A nurse is providing teaching to an obese client who has gestational diabetes and is at 25 weeks of gestation. Which of the following statements made by the client indicates a need for further teaching? This does not mean that my baby will have this disease. This means that I will have diabetes for the rest of my life. If I feel dizzy, I should drink six ounces of a non-diet soda. Being obese might be one reason why I developed diabetes. - Answer- This means that I will have diabetes for the rest of my life A nurse is planning care for a client who has ascites secondary to liver disease. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan of care? Reduce complex carbohydrates to 30% of total calories. Restrict protein intake to less than 0.8 g/kg/day.
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