1. A nurse is admitting a patient with an immunodeficiency to the medical unit. In planning the care of this patient, the nurse should assess for what common sign of immunodeficiency? a. Chronic diarrhea 2. A nurse is caring for a patient who has an immunodeficiency. What assessment finding should prompt the nurse to consider the possibility that the patient is developing an infection? a. Persistent diarrhea 3. The nurse is applying standard precautions in the care of a patient who has an immunodeficiency. What are key elements of standard precautions? Select all that apply. a. Using appropriate personal protective equipment b. Using safe injection practices c. Performing hand hygiene 4. A home health nurse is reinforcing health education with a patient who is immunosuppressed and his family. What statement best suggests that the patient has understood the nurse's teaching? a. “My family needs to understand that I'll probably need lifelong treatment.” 5. The nurse is preparing to administer IVIG to a patient who has an immunodeficiency. What nursing guideline should the nurse apply? a. Administer pretreatment medications as ordered 30 minutes prior to infusion. 6. A nurse has created a plan of care for an immunodeficient patient, specifying that care providers take the patient's pulse and respiratory rate for a full minute. What is the rationale for this aspect of care? a. These patients' blunted inflammatory responses can cause subtle changes in status. 7. A nurse is providing health education regarding self-care to a patient with an immunodeficiency. What teaching point should the nurse emphasize? a. The need for thorough oral hygiene 8. A patient's primary immunodeficiency disease is characterized by the inability of white blood cells to initiate an inflammatory response to infectious organisms. What is this patient's most likely diagnosis? a. Hyperimmunoglobulinemia E syndrome 9. A nurse is working with a patient who was diagnosed with HIV several months earlier. The nurse should recognize that a patient with HIV is considered to have AIDS at the point when the CD4+ T-lymphocyte cell count drops below what threshold? a. 200 cells/mm3 of blood 10. A patient has been diagnosed with AIDS complicated by chronic diarrhea. What nursing intervention would be appropriate for this patient? a. Obtain a stool culture to identify possible pathogens. 11. An 18-year-old pregnant female has tested positive for HIV and asks the nurse if her baby is going to be born with HIV. What is the nurse's best response? a. “It's possible that your baby could contract HIV, either before, during, or after delivery.” 12. Since the emergence of HIV/AIDS, there have been significant changes in epidemiologic trends. Members of what group currently have the greatest risk of contracting HIV?

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