Tyra Moore 66 years old, Felame, 5'2'', 150 lbs, Weight lost goal: 1 lb per week, Activity Level: Sedentary mheducation
Tyra is following a high-protein diet to lose weight. Unfortunately, because this type of diet provides more calories than she needs per day, this way of eating will likely cause her to gain more weight. Tyra's doctor tells her to cut about 500 kcal per day and increase her exercise as a more effective way to lose weight. Which one food could Tyra cut out of the 1-day menu to help meet her doctor's calorie recommendations?
Tyra is interested in improving the quality of her life in her later years. She recently read about the traditional diet of the people of Okinawa, Japan. Okinawans have historically had among the highest life expectancies in the world, and their longevity is attributable to a low-energy, nutrient-rich diet and active lifestyle. The traditional Okinawan diet contains, on average, about as many calories as this 1-day Okinawan diet menu. Approximately how many calories are in the daily Okinawan diet?
The Okinawan diet can be described as a low-energy, nutrient-rich, high-carbohydrate diet that may be beneficial for reducing the risk of many chronic diseases. The Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) for carbohydrate is 45% to 65% of kcal. What percent of calories in this 1-day Okinawan diet menu come from carbohydrate?
The staple carbohydrate in the Okinawan diet is the sweet potato (not rice, as in the Japanese diet). Sweet potatoes are nutrient-dense and are a particularly good source of vitamin A. The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for vitamin A for Tyra is 700 micrograms RAE (retinol activity equivalents). What percent of the vitamin A DRI does the combined two servings of sweet potatoes from this menu provide?
The traditional Okinawan diet has changed remarkably in the post World War II era. The adoption of Westernized food practices has denigrated the quality of carbohydrate and led to a marked increase in fat and saturated fat intake. Younger Okinawans now have a higher risk of obesity and chronic disease than their elders who ate in the traditional way. United States guidelines recommend limiting saturated fat to no more than 20 grams per day. How many grams of saturated fat are in this traditional 1-day Okinawan diet menu?
One shortfall of East Asian diets, and Japanese diets in particular, is the high sodium content. Sodium intake is attributed to high intakes of foods like pickled vegetables, soy sauce, miso and salted fish. The average daily sodium intake in the United States is 3300 milligrams per day. How does the sodium intake of this 1-day Okinawan diet menu compare with the average daily sodium intake in the United States?
High glycemic load associated with chronic consumption of high glycemic index foods is thought to increase oxidative stress and chronic disease risk. Although the Okinawan diet is high in carbohydrate, the carbohydrate sources tend to have a low glycemic index (GI) and promote a low glycemic load (GL). The GI of sweet potatoes is 50. To calculate a food's GL, multiply the grams of carbohydrate in the food by the food's GI and then divide by 100. What is the GL of one of the 2-potato servings of the sweet potatoes in the 1-day Okinawan diet menu?
Although the traditional Okinawan diet tends to be high in sodium, hypertensive effects are minimized by high intakes of antihypertensive minerals such as potassium, magnesium and calcium. This is coupled with a higher need for sodium when sweating profusely in the hot and humid Okinawan climate. The Adequate Intake (AI) for potassium for Tyra is 4700 milligrams per day. How does the potassium content of this 1-day Okinawan diet menu compare to the AI?