Passing Grades Flashcards: Groups and Organizations
Groupings based on common properties.
Example: Sex and Race
a small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships, tightly Integrated. Members view each other as unique and irreplaceable
Example: Family, Best Friends.
A large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity. Passage of time can transform a group from secondary to primary. Members do not think of themselves as “we”
Example: College Class
Group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks (1st of two types of leadership) it’s all about getting the job done. They tend to have more formal relationships with others.
Allows the group to function more or less
on its own.
Laissez-faire leadership Style
His research showed that many of us are willing to compromise our own judgment and to avoid being different, even from people we do not know.
Example: length of a line study.
Asch’s Research on Group Conformity
Focuses on instrumental concerns, takes personal charge of decision making, and demands strict compliance from subordinates.
Authoritarian leadership Style
what he called “groupthink”, the tendency of group members to conform by adopting a narrow view of some issue.
Janis’s Research on Group Conformity
is more expressive and tries to include everyone in the decision-making process.
Democratic leadership Style
His research into obedience suggests that people are likely to follow directions from not only “legitimate authority figures,” even when it means inflicting harm on another person.
Milgram’s Research on Group Conformity
Group leadership that focuses on the group’s well-being. (2nd of two types of leadership) It’s more about taking care of the group. They tend to have more personal relationships.