Tuberculosis has asserted its casualties all through quite a bit of known humanity’s history. It achieved plague extents in Europe and North America amid the eighteenth and nineteenth hundreds of years. During this year tuberculosis was quite rampant in these nations even though after a period it started to reduce (Byron, 2016). Various prominent in the people primarily in the United States of America died due to tuberculosis. This made many people as well as initiatives eager on determining the origin of the disease. Different research has since then been carried out in various nations regarding tuberculosis (Yuenet al. 2016).
The Comprehension of the pathogenesis of tuberculosis started with Théophile Laennec toward at the beginning of the 19thcentury and was additionally pioneered by other different researchers such as Jean-Antoine Villemin who discovered the Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the year 1865. Many other technicians also contributed in creatingseveral and essential proofs regarding tuberculosis which helped a lot in the finding of the cure to the disease. In the year 1907 Clemens von Pirquet built up the tuberculin skin test and after three years utilized it to exhibit dormant tuberculous contamination in asymptomatic kids.This was a significant step in determining the drugs which could be used in preventing tuberculosis from spreading at ahigher rate.Disease had spread from North America and the areas in Europe to all over the world in the late nineteenth century. The number of individuals suffering from diseasewas increasing at a higher percentage up to the 1980’s after which the cases of illness started decreasing not only in the American and the Europe region but also in the other areas(Miramonteset al. 2015).
Towards the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th-century sanatoria produced for the treatment of patients with tuberculosis. Before the discovery of the tuberculosis antibiotics the patients suffering from this disease underwent surgeries as a way of counteracting the disease. After a short period, the antibiotics were introduced. The drugs supplemented pneumonic crumple systems intended to rest tainted parts of lungs and to close pits (Byron, 2016).The medicines played a vital role in helping reduce the spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. People in the USA are expected to obtain the tuberculosis vaccine during birth to prevent them from being attacked by the deadly disease. The disease is considered one of the most dangerous conditions that have led to the death of many people especially during the 19th centuries. General Health measures to battle the spread of tuberculosis developed after the disclosure of its bacterial reason. BCG vaccinationwas broadly utilized after World War I. Tuberculosis, on the other hand, is believed to have caused more deaths compared to other diseases that are caused by the microbial pathogens. The treatment of tuberculosis has highly been modified through theintroduction of different drugs that ar believed to be better off than those used before. Some of the drugs which have been introduced include the isoniazid and the streptomycin. These drugs have been of significant impact to the tuberculosis patients since they providea simple remedy to the disease.
Why this is significant and why the numbers of tuberculosis cases have decreased in Texas
Graph showing decrease in the cases of tuberculosis in Texas in the United States
The number of tuberculosis cases has dramatically reduced since the 1980’s in particular regions, especially in Texas. This is because different organizations have spearheaded the creating of awareness to different people an in the various areas and more particularly in areas where the cases of tuberculosis are believed to be more rampant hence the reduction in these cases in the particular areas(Miramonteset al. 2015). The significant moves regarding the treatment of tuberculosis notably the discovery of the isoniazid and streptomycin was a very substantial step since it played a vital role in the reducing of cases of thedisease. The trend in the circumstances of illness between the years 1980 up to date shows a vast improvement regarding the individuals suffering from thedisease in particular few regions. Some other partsof the other hand show a slight increase in the number of cases of people being infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The number of the increase in these cases is low compared to the regions where these cases have reduced.
It is therefore evident according to different studies carried out that the use of the variousMycobacterium tuberculosis discovered has profoundly helped in curbing the spread of disease in Texas (Yuenet al. 2016). Many people have also become more aware of ways through which disease is caused a well as how it spreads. This has helped them in avoiding means through which they can get infected with thevirus.Avoiding contact with people suffering from thedisease as well as having vaccines to prevent being infected with thedisease are some of the ways through which the spread of thedisease has been counteracted and more particularly in the Texas region. Most of the patients suffering from tuberculosis are kept out of contact with other people to ensure that many people do not get infected with the disease. The discoveries of the antibiotics, as well as different tuberculosis treatment methods, have therefore significantly contributed to the low cases of tuberculosis in Texas.
Byron, p. (2016). History of tuberculosis in the United States to be explored in unprecedented depth. Virginia Tech.
Miramontes, R., Hill, A. N., Woodruff, R. S. Y., Lambert, L. A., Navin, T. R., Castro, K. G., & LoBue, P. A. (2015). Tuberculosis infection in the United States: prevalence estimates from the national health and nutrition examination survey, 2011-2012. PLoS One, 10(11), e0140881.
Yuen, C. M., Kammerer, J. S., Marks, K., Navin, T. R., & France, A. M. (2016). Recent transmission of tuberculosis—United States, 2011–2014. PloS one, 11(4), e0153728.