All of the following are responsible for the significant increase in the use of jails from 2000 to 2008 EXCEPT __________________. A.) The overcrowding of state and federal prisons over the past decade. B.) The "tough on crime" mentality of the public. C.) The increasing use of split sentences. D.) The serious budget crises of local governments.
Which of the following categories of offenders is NOT held in jail? A.) Individuals pending arraignment and awaiting trial, conviction, or sentencing. B.) Probation, parole, and bail bond violators and absconders. C.) Mentally ill people, pending their movement to appropriate mental health facilities. D.) Inmates sentenced to terms of more than ten years.
Which of the following is characteristic of a third-generation jail? A.) It uses podular housing designs and remote supervision. B.) It is designed to minimize interaction between inmates and jail staff. C.) The cells are aligned in long, straight rows, with walkways in the front of the cells. D.) Correctional officers are located in the housing unit in direct contact with inmates.
Which is NOT one of the three most important reasons for effective jail classification systems? A.) They provide a guide for separating violent, predatory inmates from potential inmate victims. B.) They provide a guide for identifying inmates with a high risk of escape. C.) They provide a guide for identifying and managing inmates with special emotional or mental needs. D.) They provide a guide for giving inmates proper substance abuse counseling.
Which of the following is NOT true of jails in a correctional setting? A.) Jail officers do much of the same work as prison correctional officers. B.) Jail staff members are extremely outnumbered by the inmates. C.) Jails are better managed through a consistent routine of operations. D.) Jails offer extensive programs or services for inmates.
Which of the following facilities continuous communications between jail staff and inmates, thus reducing tension and avoiding the development of conflicts among inmates or between inmates and staff? A.) Direct Supervision Jails B.) Second-Generation Jails C.) Podular Design D.) First-Generation Jails