Q1. There were various terms which include the following; Enlighten, described as an emancipation from self-imposed “immaturity.” Foucault was trying to enlighten our present, and thus he was hardly a figure of the enlightenment. On the other hand, philosophical echoes can be described as the a tune which cant come out of your head and is usually of highly better aesthetic value, and how it has an influence in our daily lives as well simply the moment of experienced echoes itself which is imaginative in nature.
Q2. The muddiest point is where Foucault’s nominalism is directed against the universalism of the enlightenment. In reversing dispersing and criticising what was taken to be universal. In contrast, Foucault attacks what in the modern days, has come to be viewed as the enlightenment.
Q3. ‘The philosophical ethos of the Enlightenment,’ requires more attention. Here Foucault uses the critique of the enlightenment. He states that he has been discussing a certain thread that can be used in understanding the enlightenment which he further discloses that it’s not authenticity to the doctrinal element. But relatively the adoption of another attitude which displays critique of our historical era.
Q4. The relevance of the lesson is shown in the realm of obedience, and the realm of using reasons, in the characterization of immature status, the familiar expression of the following orders by political power, military disciplines, and religious authority are usually exercised. Also, the freedom of conscience.
Q5. The materials are more significant in the learning process as they give more detailed information on Kant enlightenment in connection with modernity and the views which analyze modernity. Moreover, the material precisely present western societies where we derive our generality.