What event heightened concerns in 1800 that the nation might not survive, but fracture? The Hamilton-Burr duel.
The Blair Witch conspiracy. The Gabriel slave conspiracy. The Ostend Manifesto.
The death of the Shawnee leader Tecumseh marked the end of what? Efforts to force Indians to live on reservations. Indian slavery in the “dark and bloody ground” of Kentucky. Organized Indian resistance to white advances east of the Mississippi River. The belief that the Prophet’s medicine would stop bullets.
Textile mills operated by Francis Cabot Lowell drew on what group for its primary labor resource?Immigrants, especially from southern Europe. Men who had families to support. Unmarried women. Regional farmers, especially during winter months.
The Erie Canal allowed for the transportation of goods fromNew York City to Pittsburgh.Boston to Amherst. Philadelphia to Pittsburgh.Buffalo to New York City.
What was the theme of Thomas Jefferson’s inaugural address?He called for war against pirates operating along the Barbary Coast.He urged Americans to bear any burden to maintain freedom. He attempted to put partisan bitterness of the previous decade to rest.He announced a New Deal for the American people to help them recover from a depressed economy.
Chief Justice John Marshall, writing for the Supreme Court in the case of McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), ruled thatA state could not tax an institution created by the federal government because the power to tax it could lead to the power to destroy it.
A federal income tax was prohibited by the constitutional proscription against a direct tax not apportioned by states.A slave was not automatically free just because he was transported to an area where slavery was not established by law.Maryland could not force a change in Jack McCulloch’s contract to operate a ferry across Chesapeake Bay.
On June 1, 1812, after continuing interference with American shipping, President Madison asked Congress to declare war onSpain, after Florida-based Indians raided in Georgia and Alabama and Spain did nothing to stop it. France, because Napoleon violated his pledge to allow American ships access to continental ports.
England, because the British navy continued to stop American vessels and impress American sailors into the British service. France and England, because both continued to violate the neutrality of the United States.
The Americans’ greatest military victory, ironically achieved after the War of 1812 had officially ended, wasAndrew Jackson’s defeat of a British invasion of New Orleans.Edward Packenham’s invasion of England in 1815. Winfield Scott’s victory over Tecumseh and British allies at Tippecanoe Creek. William Henry Harrison’s triumph over Creeks and British agents at Horseshoe Bend.
What innovation made the most dramatic difference to transportation in antebellum travel? Stagecoaches with steel springs instead of leather springs. New ship designs, especially the clipper ship. Steel axles on Lancaster wagons.
The steam engine.
How did Judge John Marshall use the case of Marbury v. Madison to expand the authority of the Supreme Court?By holding the actions of lower courts in error and ordering a new trial for Marbury.
By overruling Marbury and ordering him to award Madison his patent. He established the Court’s judicial review to rule on the constitutionality of executive and legislative actions. By establishing the principle of state reciprocity.