Please respond to discursion 1 and discursion 2, please follow APA 7 Edition and also please give each discursion at lease two references. please respond to discussion 1 Initial Post: Nursing and Policy Evaluation Nurses have the advantage of being experts at evaluation. It is innate for nurses because it is an integral part of the nursing process. After an intervention is implemented, nurses reassess and evaluate its outcome. Milstead and Short comment on how this directly translates to the push for nurses to also become involved with policy evaluation (Jeri A. Milstead, Nancy M. Short & Jeri A. Milstead, Nancy M. Short, 2017). Much like nurse involvement with policymaking, nurse involvement with policy evaluation can be just as crucial. One opportunity for nurses to participate in policy review is being a part of the American Nursing Association (ANA). Briefly, the ANA is the largest professional nursing organization in the country, and they are often involved with collecting research data to disperse to lawmakers during the process of policy implementation. One example is the ANA providing data collection to lawmakers during the evaluation of the Affordable Care Act (Jeri A. Milstead, Nancy M. Short & Jeri A. Milstead, Nancy M. Short, 2017, p. 117). Another opportunity for nurses to become involved with policy evaluation is a career in the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC consists of many different disciplines. Nurses are utilized over many different departments of the CDC but use “science to affect policy “(Kennedy, 2008). There are challenges often presented for nurses in these positions, and feedback may be formative or summative. Formative refers to evaluation during the process, whereas summative refers to evaluation at the end of the evaluation process (Jeri A. Milstead, Nancy M. Short & Jeri A. Milstead, Nancy M. Short, 2017, p. 118).
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