TEST BANK FOR THE UNITED STATES
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM COMBINING
BUSINESS HEALTH AND DELIVERY, 3RD
EDITION, ANNE AUSTIN, VICTORIA WETLE
The U.S. Health Care System, 3e (Austin)
Chapter 1 Health and Care in America
1) The medical model includes all of the following, EXCEPT
A) illness and disease require treatment
B) focus is diagnosis
C) focus is on disease prevention
D) focus is on treatment
2) In the two decades following 2010, millions of Americans will reach age 65. This concerns
the health care industry because
A) men are living longer and will outpace women; thus, there will be a need for increased
services for men
B) of the exodus of experienced health care professionals
C) the generation after the baby boomers will overwhelm the health care system
D) there will be an increased need for geriatric care
3) According to the 2014 National Health Interview Survey, who is more likely to suffer from
A) A person with a college degree
B) A person who has graduated from high school
C) An individual with a yearly income of $85,000
D) An individual with a yearly income of $20,000
4) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention do all the following, EXCEPT
A) survey Americans about their health
B) collect health statistics
C) report the leading causes of death
D) monitor hospital compliance with HIPAA
5) Focus areas of Healthy People 2020 and patterns of disease in the population direct research
efforts. Research can be directed at all of the following, EXCEPT
6) What was the leading cause of death in 2012?
C) Heart disease
7) All of the following occupations are expected to increase by more than 40% by 2022,
B) medical secretaries
C) home care aides
D) occupational therapy assistants
8) Health care employment continues to grow for all of the following reasons, EXCEPT
A) managing costs
B) advances in medical technology
C) aging population
D) inability to automate many functions
9) In 2013, the U.S. spent ________ on health expenditures.
A) $2.5 billion
B) $50 billion
C) $2.9 trillion
D) $50 trillion
10) Which statement does NOT describe health care?
A) It accounts for the largest percentage of the gross domestic product.
B) It is one of the fastest growing industries in the United States.
C) It is the process of providing care to individuals to maintain and improve their physical and
D) It is an industry.
11) The study of disease and death in a population is called
12) Two parameters that usually result in an indication of excellent health are
A) genetics and education
B) genetics and income
C) education and income
D) profession and income
13) All of the following are types of health care facilities, EXCEPT
A) a physician's office
B) an HMO
C) a long-term-care facility
D) a hospital
14) Which is TRUE regarding long-term care?
A) Only those 65 and older are eligible.
B) The majority of care is provided in nursing homes.
C) In 2012, more than 4 trillion people received services.
D) All age groups are eligible for services.
15) The term LTC means providing health care services to an individual for more than
A) 30 days
B) 60 days
C) 90 days
D) 180 days
16) All of the following are examples of locations where long-term care could take place,
C) rehabilitation centers
D) adult day cares
17) All of the following are examples of the role of public health, EXCEPT
A) crosswalks on streets
B) hard hat laws for construction workers
C) prompt processing of insurance claims
D) free immunization clinics
18) Mental illness
A) is usually a chronic lifetime disease
B) strikes one of every 10 adults
C) is treated 90% of the time
D) is readily available and inexpensive
19) The three major places of employment for health care workers are
A) hospitals, nursing and residential care facilities, and practitioners' offices
B) practitioners' offices, dental offices, and public health facilities
C) CDC, hospitals, and residential care facilities
D) adult day care, hospitals, and practitioners' offices
20) Health care policy addresses all of the following issues, EXCEPT
21) The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
A) helps increase the number of people who are uninsured
B) allows the market to drive costs up
C) seeks to improve health care delivery performance
D) is surveying Americans about their health care utilization patterns
22) Managed care can be described by all of the following, EXCEPT
A) manages the patient's utilization of services
B) manages the price paid for services
C) has the objective of only providing those services that are necessary to contain costs
D) maintains a sustainable noncompetitive advantage
23) Sustainable competitive advantage is described by all of the following, EXCEPT it
A) varies from business to business
B) depends on the objectives the firm is trying to achieve
C) helps a business maintain its position in the marketplace
D) allows the market to drive costs up
24) The ability to stay in business for a health care facility is based on the facility's
A) sustainable competitive advantage
B) reimbursement rates
C) business plan
D) business viability
25) Health care expenditures account for greater than 15% of the GDP.
26) Women are more likely to live in poverty than men.
27) Competition is a component of a market economy.
28) The patient is at the center of the health care industry.
29) Less than half of health care workers provide direct patient care.
30) The United States has a national health care system.
31) Focus on the prevention of disease and the maintenance of well-being describes the
32) The ________ population has more than doubled since 1990 and is younger than the total
33) Census data indicates that the United States has increased its ________ diversity.
34) Study of the nature, cause, control, and determinants of the frequency of disease, death, and
disability in the human population is ________.
35) Name two trends that emerge from the demographic data about age and the impact on health
Answer: Responses will vary, but may include:
Americans are living longer
The record number of baby boomers reaching age 65
36) Define health from the perspective of the wellness model.
Answer: Responses will vary but may include:
the optimal functioning of each human being in his or her mind, body, and spirit
37) The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will impact many areas of health care.
Discuss the implications you anticipate for you, your family, and your fellow classmates, based
on the information in this chapter.
Answer: Responses will vary, but may include:
insurance mandated for all family members and by all employers
cost of care is controlled, which decreases personal cost and potential tax burden
quality of care is improved
38) Describe health care. List two viewpoints.
Answer: Health care is a set of delivery systems; health care is a set of related businesses.