Test Bank for Emergency Care 14th Edition Daniel Limmer
Emergency Care, 14e (Limmer/O'Keefe/Dickinson)
Chapter 2 Well-Being of the EMT
1) Which of the following descriptions best defines the term pathogen?
A) An immunity developed after an exposure
B) A study of the origins of infection and disease
C) A medication with a harmful effect
D) An organism that causes infection and disease
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. Immunity following an exposure is known as an "acquired
B) INCORRECT. Pathology is the study of the origins of infections and disease.
C) INCORRECT. A medication with a harmful side effect is not called a pathogen.
D) CORRECT. Pathogens are organisms that cause infection, such as viruses and bacteria.
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2) What is a common term used to describe the items needed for Standard Precautions or body
substance isolation precautions?
A) Harm-reduction strategy
B) Exposure-control plan
C) Personal protective equipment
D) Infection-control plan
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. The term harm-reduction strategy does not describe the items
needed for body substance isolation precautions.
B) INCORRECT. Although an exposure-control plan may include directives for Standard
Precautions, the term itself does not refer to the items required.
C) CORRECT. Personal protective equipment such as gloves, goggles, and gowns help to protect
care providers from exposure to body substances.
D) INCORRECT. An infection-control plan will usually call for body substance isolation
precautions, but it is not a term used to describe the items needed.
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3) All of the following are ways that an EMT can increase both physical and mental well-being,
A) drinking caffeine instead of alcohol.
B) following a regular walking regimen.
C) spending more time relaxing with friends and family.
D) eating more carbohydrates.
Explanation: A) CORRECT. Both caffeine and alcohol can increase stress and anxiety, as well
as disturb sleep patterns.
B) INCORRECT. When performed safely and properly, exercise helps to "burn off" stress, and it
can also better prepare the EMT for the physical aspects of the job.
C) INCORRECT. Devoting time to relaxing with friends and family can have a positive effect on
a person's mental well-being.
D) INCORRECT. Healthful eating habits, such as avoiding fatty foods and increasing
carbohydrate intake, is physically and mentally beneficial.
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4) What is the primary reason for an EMT to change gloves between contacts with different
A) To protect the EMT from becoming infected
B) To minimize the amount of time the EMT's hands are spent in gloves
C) To ensure soiled gloves are changed as soon as possible
D) To prevent spreading infection to the next patient
Explanation: A) INCORRECT. Wearing gloves is what protects EMTs from exposure to
infection, not changing them between patients.
B) INCORRECT. There is no need to minimize the amount of time an EMT wears gloves while
providing patient care.
C) INCORRECT. Disposing of soiled gloves is important, but it is not the primary reason to
change them between patients.
D) CORRECT. Be sure to change gloves between contacts with different patients to prevent the
spread of infection.
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