EFDA Final Exam Questions and Answers
1. The professional code of ethics is...: voluntary
2. sedative: The type of base placed to soothe pulp that has been irritated by decay, injury, or trauma from a cavity preparation is
3. Impressions: negative reproduction of the teeth
4. What does the term oral evacuation describe?: The process of removing excess fluids and debris from the mouth
5. Acrylate: A salt or eater of acrylic acid
6. What are the two types of statutory law?: criminal and civil
7. celluloid strip: : Clear Plastic Strip used to provide a temporary interproximal wall for the restoration of an anterior tooth surface.
8. Autonomy: Self-determination. Includes the right to privacy, freedom of choice, and the acceptance of responsibility for ones own actions
9. cupping: : Form created by a concave tooth surface that has not been contoured properly.
10. a conditioner/etchant: To prepare a tooth surface for adhesion of material to tooth structure, the dentist may select for the tooth preparation.
11. Classifications of Impressions: Preliminary- are taken by the dentist or by the EFDA and are used to create a reproduction of the teeth and surrounding tissues.
Final- Most likely taken by the dentist and are used to produce the most accurate reproductive of the teeth ans surrounding tissues.
Bite Registration (occlusal)- taken by the dentist or EFDA to produce a reproduction of the occlusal relationship between the maxillary ans mandibular teeth.
12. What are the two oral evacuation systems?: Saliva Ejector
HVE - High Volume Evacuator
13. Dental Sealant: Coating that covers the occlusal pits and fissures of teeth
14. What is the difference between an act of omission and an act of commis- sion?: An act of omission is not doing something that should have been done, and an act of commission is doing something that should not have been done.
15. Filled Resin: Sealant material that contains filler particles
16. What is the difference between an expressed contract and an implied contract?: Expressed contracts are established through the written word or verbal agreement, and implied contracts are established by actions, not words.
17. Saliva Ejector: Small, straw shaped Used during LESS INVASIVE procedures CANNOT remove debris
18. Impression Trays: Used to hold the material within the mouth. T must be rigid to carry the impression material into the oral cavity, hold close to teeth, and avoid breaking during removal.
19. Spatula, explorer: What is used to mix the calcium hydroxide cavity liner?
20. mylar: : Brand name for clear plastic strip used to provide a tempo- rary wall for restoration of an anterior tooth.
21. Justice: Fair treatment for all. giving people what they deserve and are entitled to receive.
22. During what type of procedures is the saliva ejector used?: Preventive Procedures: prophylaxis, placement of sealants, and fluoride treatments Control of saliva and moisture under dental dam
Cementation of crown and bridge prostheses
Orthodontic bonding procedures
23. Light-cured: Type of material that is polymerized by a curing light
24. What is the purpose of licensure?: Meant to protect the public from incom- petent practitioners.
25. Stock trays: Quadrant Trays- cover half the arch Section trays- used to cover anterior portion of the arch Full-arch Trays- cover entire arch
26. Physical(thermal,electricity), mechanical (handpiece,traumatic occlus- sion) ,chemical(acid from dental materials) , biological (bacteria from sali- va): 4 types of pulpal stimuli include
27. overhang: : Excess restorative material that extends beyond the cavity margin.
28. Nonmaleficence term: to "do no harm" to the patient. physically or mentally.
29. Veracity: truthfulness; not lying to the patient
30. palodent: :Small, oval shaped matrix made of stainl interproximally during a tooth restoration.
31. over: Cavity varnish is placed the liner or insulating base.
32. Sizing of Tray: Comfortable for the patient
Extends slightly beyond the facial surfaces of the teeth
Extends approximately 2-3 mm beyond the third molar
Deep to allow 2-3 mm of material between the tray and occlusion
33. Saliva Ejector Placement: 1) Can be held throughout procedure, use of repeated sweeps
2) Can be used by positioning the suction tip in mouth
34. Light-cured Sealants: Do not require mixing after the material has been applied to the tooth
35. What authority does a state board of dentistry have?: The authority not only to issue licenses, but also to revoke, suspend, or deny renewal of a license.
36. Microabrasion (air abrasion): Technique used to open fissures before sealant placement and remove any slight decay
37. What is meant by reciprocity and licensure by credential?: Reciprocity is an agreement between two or more states that allows a dentist or dental hygienist who is licensed in one state to receive, usually without further examination or requirements, a license to practice in any of the other states in the reciprocity agreement. Reciprocity agreements are usually made between states with adjoin- ing borders and similar testing requirements. Licensure by credential is when an individual who is currently licensed in one state is allowed to become licensed in another state depending on whether certain requirements are met.
38. When saliva ejector is in stationary position, how can you protect the gums from coming traumatized?: Placing a cotton roll as a buffer
39. Custom Trays: constructed to fit the mouth of a specific patient
40. Calcium Hydroxide: What can be used under all types of restorative materi- als?
41. matrix: A system creates a temporary interproximal wall for the amal- gam, composite resin, or intermediate restorative material to be placed against.
42. Beneficence: Of benefit to the patient or community.
43. High Volume Evacuator: Removes saliva, blood, water, and DEBRIS MORE INVASIVE procedures