Campbell Biology, 11e (Urry) Chapter 1 Evolution, the Themes of Biology, and Scientific Inquiry 1.1 Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Cells are ________. A) only found in pairs, because single cells cannot exist independently B) limited in size to 200 and 500 micrometers in diameter C) characteristic of eukaryotic but not prokaryotic organisms D) characteristic of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms Answer: D Bloom's Taxonomy: Knowledge/Comprehension Section: 1.1 2) In comparison to eukaryotes, prokaryotes ________. A) are more structurally complex B) are larger C) are smaller D) do not have membranes Answer: C Bloom's Taxonomy: Knowledge/Comprehension Section: 1.1 3) Which of the following types of cells utilize deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as their genetic material but do not have their DNA encased within a nuclear envelope? A) animal B) plant C) archaean D) fungi Answer: C Bloom's Taxonomy: Application/Analysis Section: 1.1 4) To understand the chemical basis of inheritance, we must understand the molecular structure of DNA. This is an example of the application of which concept to the study of biology? A) evolution B) emergent properties C) reductionism D) feedback regulation Answer: C Bloom's Taxonomy: Application/Analysis Section: 1.1 1 Copyright © 2017 Pearson Education, Inc. 5) A localized group of organisms that belong to the same species is called a ________. A) community B) population C) ecosystem D) family Answer: B Bloom's Taxonomy: Knowledge/Comprehension Section: 1.1 6) Which of the following statements is true regarding the complexity of biological systems? A) An understanding of the interactions between different components within a living system is an approach towards understanding reductionism. B) Knowing the function of a component of a living system can provide insights into the structure and organization of the living system. C) Understanding the chemical structure of DNA reveals how it directs the functioning of a living cell. D) An ecosystem displays complex properties of the biotic component only. Answer: B Bloom's Taxonomy: Application/Analysis

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