ATI Nutrition exam A and B Complete Solution Latest Update (2022)

1. A nurse is caring for a client who expresses a desire to lose weight. Which of the

following actions should the nurse take first?

a. Recommend checking weight once weekly.

b. Obtain a 24-hr dietary recall.

c. Assist with creating an exercise plan.

d. Initiate a plan for diet modification.

2. A nurse is teaching about nutritional requirements for a client who is starting a

vegetarian diet. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the

teaching?

a. Consume high-fat cheese to replace meats when on a vegetarian diet.

b. A vegetarian diet is high in vitamin B12 •

c. Fewer calories are required when on a vegetarian diet.

d. Include two servings per day of nuts when on a vegetarian diet.

3. A nurse is caring for a client who has acute inflammatory bowel disease. Which of the

following nutritional supplements should the nurse anticipate providing to this client?

a. Hydrolyzed formula

b. Polymeric formula

c. Milk-based supplement formula

d. Modular product supplement formula

4. A nurse is teaching a client who is newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus how to

count carbohydrates. Which of the following statements made by the client indicates an

understanding of the teaching?

a. "I am including vegetables as starch items in my carbohydrate count."

b. "I am limiting the number of carbohydrates to four carbohydrate choices or 60

grams per day."

c. "I know the serving size can affect the number of carbohydrates I eat."

d. "I know the carbohydrate count is dependent on the calories in the food item."

5. A nurse is providing dietary teaching for a client who has osteoporosis. The nurse should

instruct the client that which of the following foods has the highest amount of calcium?

a. 1 cup avocado

b. 2 tablespoons peanut butter

c. ½ cup roasted sunflower seeds

d. ½ cup roasted almonds 

6. A nurse is discussing dietary factors to assist in blood pressure management for a client

who has hypertension. Which of the following client statements indicates an

understanding of the teaching?

a. "I can drink up to three glasses of wine each day."

b. "I should choose whole grain pastas when selecting my foods."

c. "I should decrease my consumption of foods high in potassium."

d. "I can use low-sodium salt substitutes when I cook my food."

7. A nurse is caring for a client who has a new prescription for parenteral nutrition (PN)

containing a mixture of dextrose, amino acids, and lipids. Prior to administration of the

PN, the nurse should report which of the following food allergies to the provider?

a. Gelatin

b. Peanuts

c. Shellfish

d. Eggs

8. A nurse is teaching a client who has chronic kidney disease about limiting dietary

calcium intake. Which of the following food choices should the nurse include in the

teaching as having the highest amount of calcium?

a. 1 cup low-fat yogurt

b. 1 oz cheddar cheese

c. 1 egg

d. ½ cup spinach

9. A home health nurse is providing dietary teaching to the guardians of a 3-year-old child.

Which of the following statements by the guardians should the nurse identify as

understanding of the teaching?

a. "I will offer my child a cup of peanut butter to dip her celery in."

b. "I can leave her grapes whole, so she can practice getting them with her fork." 

c. "I can give her popcorn as a snack to provide a serving of whole grains."

d. "I will put low-fat milk in her cup for her to drink."

10. A nurse is caring for an adolescent who has type 1 diabetes mellitus. Which of the

following actions should the nurse take to assess for Somogyi phenomenon?

a. Monitor blood glucose levels during the night.

b. Check for urinary ketones at the same time each day for 1 week.

c. Perform an oral glucose tolerance test after administering a dose of insulin.

d. Compare current glycosylated hemoglobin level with the level at time of

diagnosis

11. A nurse is reviewing the introduction of solid foods with the guardian of a 4-month-old

infant. Which of the following statements by the guardian indicates an understanding of

the teaching?

a. "My baby should consume 2 tablespoons of solid food at each feeding."

b. "The majority of my baby's calories should come from solid food."

c. "I will give my baby one bottle of fruit juice each day."

d. "I will introduce a new solid food every 5 days."

12.  A nurse in a long-term care facility is monitoring a client during mealtime who has

Parkinson's disease. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as the

priority?

a. The client eats all of their cake and a few bites of bread.

b. The client drools while eating.

c. The client's hand trembles when they holds their spoon.

d. The client chooses to sit alone during the meal.

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